Since I have joined InterSystems a while ago, I thought a Caché post might be appropriate, especially since it illustrates quite nicely the various data access modes offered by the platform.
Below is a routine called TestModes.mac, invoked by a >do ^TestModes. The SQLCompile macro is necessary because the SQL code references objects which do not exist compile time, before CreateTable is run (InsertData). The multi-dimensional sparse arrays created as SQL tables (by CreateTable) are accessed in multi-value mode by ReadMV and deleted by DropMV (which also uses the DeleteExtent method of the data objects to perform a ‘table truncation’ on the data objects).
Another nice feature is the extraction of the list items from the arrays (table data rows are stored as array items, whereby each field is stored in a string list created by $LISTBUILD) back to strings by the $LISTTOSTRING function.
Some legacy features are visible (the need to declare SQLCODE as a public variable and make it NEW to restrict it to the current scope). I don’t think that this kind of mix would make sense in an application, where it would make sense to use one access metaphor and only one for a given data item; but this is still a valuable example which ties the data architecture(s) of Caché together nicely.
; shows the different data access types
; SQL, MV, class
#SQLCompile Mode = DEFERRED
&sql( DROP TABLE items)
&sql( CREATE TABLE items(id INT, data VARCHAR(50)))
#DIM x as %String
#DIM i as %Integer
FOR i = 1:1:upto
SET x = i _ " DataItem"
&sql( INSERT INTO SQLUser.items(id, data) VALUES( :i, :x))
IF (SQLCODE '= 0 )
WRITE "SQL error:", $ZERROR, !
#DIM ky AS %String
#DIM extr AS %String
WRITE "Navigating the data", !
SET ky = $ORDER(^User.itemsD(""))
WHILE( ky '= "")
; WRITE ky, ^User.itemsD(ky), !
SET ky = $ORDER(^User.itemsD(ky))
IF ( ky '= "" )
SET extr = $LISTTOSTRING(^User.itemsD(ky))
WRITE ?5, extr, !
#Dim result AS %String
&sql(SELECT COUNT(*) INTO :result FROM SQLUser.items )
; the table is still there, but empty
IF (SQLCODE '= 0) SET result = "Error " _ $ZERROR